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Activities of the DAE in Rajasthan:

 

Rajasthan occupies an important place in the activities of the DAE. Presently there are four power reactors operating in Rajasthan (RAPS 1,2,3&4), two are under construction (RAPS-5 & 6) and a few more are to come up in future. The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is determined to make Rawatbhata as a nuclear park. RAPS-1 is in fact the first of the Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) which form the mainstream of the first stage of the Indian Nuclear Power Programme. Currently 12 PHWRs in operation in various parts of the country. A Heavy Water Plant and a Cobalt-60 Facility (RAPCOF) are operational at Rawatbhata. The astronomy research facility GRACE of DAE is also situated at Mount Abu.

 

Rajasthan has also the distinction of having the singular site (Pokhran) where all nuclear tests have been conducted by the Department and which have contributed immensely to national security. On this account, not only the people of Rajasthan, but the whole country derives great pride from these achievements.

 

DAE, through its Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS), supports basic research in the field of nuclear science and technology in universities, academic institutes and R&D organizations.

 

Many such research projects supported by BRNS are running in various institutes in Rajasthan. A few of the ongoing research projects are listed below:-

 

Sr. No. Name of Research Project University/Institute Carrying out the Project
1 Establishment of Radiotracer Laboratory and Multi-locational Testing & Seed Production of Crop Varieties developed at BARC Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner
2 Biodiversity and Productivity of Rana Pratap Sagar (thermal ecology studies) Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur
3 a) Limited production of 2 MW S-Band Tunable Pulse Magnetron CEERI, Pilani
b) Design and Development of 3 MW S-Band Tunable Pulse Magnetron CEERI, Pilani
c) Design and Development of 40kV, 3kA Thyratron CEERI, Pilani
4 Environmental Monitoring of Naturally Occurring Radio-nuclides in Udaipur region with special reference to certain radioactive Deposits Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur
5 Synthesis and Purification of some Organo-metallics of Group. II, IV, VI elements University of Rajasthan, Jaipur
6 Study of Design and Development of Electronuclear Device for Production/Amplification of Energy and Incineration of Nuclear Wastes University of Rajasthan, Jaipur
7 Search for Quark–Gluon Plasma formation in Lead Induced reactions at CERN-SPS University of Rajasthan, Jaipur
8 Investigation of Electronic Structure of Transition Metals and Alloys by Compton Scattering University of Rajasthan, Jaipur

 

In 1997, BARC had setup a Desalination Plant at Sheelgan in district Barmer in 1997 for treating brackish water. This plant has been working satisfactorily benefiting the rural population of the region. One more desalination plant is currently being setup in village Chadi in the same district which apart from salinity will also remove fluoride and nitrate from the ground water. In addition to this, this centre has ongoing collaboration with Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur in the fields of desalination and food preservation by radiation processing.

 

These are only a few examples of multiple activities being carried out by DAE in the state of Rajasthan. DAE hopes and looks forward to much wider collaboration with various R&D laboratories, academic institutes and universities of Rajasthan.

 

-S. K. Malhotra,
Head, PAD, DAE

 

New large seed groundnut variety developed at Trombay, released:

 

A new confectionary groundnut variety designated as TG-41 was released on August 2, 2002 for commercial cultivation by the Varietal Identification Committee, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, on all India basis for irrigated Rabi/summer situation. It was developed at BARC by crossing TG-28A and TG-22 during 1992. In the evaluation trials (1996-97), TG-41 gave higher pod yields and greater proportion of large seeds. In the All India Co-ordinated Varietal Trials (1998-2001), TG-41 has given a mean pod yield of 2,088 kg/ha and seed yield 1,414 kg/ha (superior by 14.2% and 23.3% respectively over the best check variety) with an average 100-seed weight of 65g, greater proportion of sound matured seeds. TG-41 matures in 120 days with a fresh seed dormancy of 25 days an important trait which prevents in situ seed germination due to unseasonal rains when crop is ready for harvest. The seeds of TG-41 also showed an improvement for caloric value, protein and oleic acid. TG-41 is renamed as TPG-41, as a collaborative product between BARC and Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra.

 


 

Exhibition: "India in the Atomic Age":

 

A view from the exhibition "India in the Atomic Age" organized at New Delhi by the Nehru Memorial Museum & Library in collaboration with the Department of Atomic Energy.

 

The exhibition, a pictorial exposition of self-reliance of India in the fields of nuclear power generation production of radio isotopes and applications of radiation technologies in health care, agriculture, radiation processing of food and industries and development of advanced technologies relating to lasers, accelerators, parallel processing based supercomputer, robotics and others, was inaugurated on August 13, 2002. The section of the exhibition on the evelopments in DAE during its formative years reminisced the vision of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Homi Jehangir Bhabha the architects of the atomic energy programme of the country.

 


 

INSA Award to BARC Scientist:

 

Shri Sukhendu Nath, a scientist of BARC has been awarded the prestigious INSA Medal for Young Scientists-2002 by the Indian National Science Academy. The award carries a medal and a cash prize of Rs 25,000 and motivational incentives for excellence in research.

 

DAE Graduate Fellowship Scheme (DGFS) launched:

 

The DAE’s Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the six Indian Institutes of Technology, which will provide an opportunity to the M.Tech. students of IITs to work in select units of DAE. Under the MoU, students joining the M.Tech. course in these institutes would now have the option of applying to DAE for admission to DGFS. The 50 selected students will receive a higher stipend of Rs 8000 as against the stipend of Rs 5000 provided by the IITs and would work on a project related to the interest of DAE. After completion of M.Tech, they would study nuclear science and engineering at BARC for 4 months and would have assured placement in one of the select units of DAE.