All DAE

DAE

In Parliament

 
 

 

Technology on Specialized Heavy Water Programme:

 

(Q. No. 923, Lok Sabha)

 

Question

  1. Whether the Atomic Energy Corporation has developed an indigenous technology with regard to "specialized heavy water programme,
  2. If so, the details thereof,
  3. The benefits of this indigenous technology for the country and
  4. The other steps taken by the Government to develop technology in the atomic energy sector for peaceful purpose?

Answer

  1. (1) & (2) The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) has developed an indigenous technology for the Heavy Water Programme which is based on H2S-H2O exchange process. India is the only country to commercially exploit the monothermal NH3 process sucessfully for Heavy Water production. Besides this, an Ammonia-water exchange front-end plant is being setup at Baroda as a technology demonstration plant with necessary modification in the existing Heavy Water Plant there.
  2. With the development of this technology the country is self-sufficient in Heavy Water and its production technology. India could also export Heavy Water to South Korea which has enhanced the prestige of the nation as an exporter of such an important commodity for Nuclear Power production in other parts of the world. Also the development of Ammonia Water front-end technology will make the ammonia based Heavy Water Plants indipendent of the Fertiliser plant.
  3. R&D activities have been undertaken to explore the use of Heavy Water in pharmaceutical industries where shelf-life could be enhanced.

Collaboration/Transfer of Technology:

 

(Q. No. 2695, Lok Sabha)

 

Question

 

The number of cases concerning atomic energy in regard to which there have been collaborations or transfers of technology with several other countries during the past three years?

 

Answer

 

Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) has sixteen (16) cases of collaborations or transfer of technology with other countries during the past three years encompassing various fields in the peaceful uses of atomic energy.

 

Conversion of Sea Water into Potable Water:

 

(Q. No. 2764, Lok Sabha)

 

Question

  1. Whether the Department of Atomic Energy propose to implement any scheme in regard to use of any technology to convert saline sea water into potable water on a large scale,
  2. If so, the details therefor and
  3. If not the reasons thereof?

Answer

  1. (1) & (2) Two processes viz., Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) have been developed by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) for desalination of water from the ocean. A demonstration plant is being setup at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, which will produce 6300 m3/day of desalinated water from sea water, out of which 4500 m3/day will be produced by MSF technology while the balance of 1800 m3/day will be RO technology.
  2. In view of (1) & (2), does not arise.

Collaboration in the Field of Atomic Enerfy Sector:

 

(Q. No. 6235, Lok Sabha)

 

Question

  1. The countries with which India is having collaboration and co-operation programme in Atomic Energy Sector and
  2. The details thereof?

Answer

  1. Government of India has collaboration and co-operation programme for the utilization of atomic energy for peaceful purposes with Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Japan, Poland, Russian Federation, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand and Vietnam.
  2. Under the collaboration and co-operation programme there is mutual exchange of scientists and published information. The co-operation has been mainly in the areas of:
    1. Exchange of information and co-operation in the regulation of nuclear safety.
    2. Fundamental research.
    3. Reactor utilization.
    4. Nuclear and other analytical technique.
    5. Material science.
    6. Accelerator science and technology and
    7. Radiation sterilisation of tissue grafts and pharmaceutical products and other materials-tissue bank.

Agreement with us Research Facility:

 

(Q. No. 702, Lok Sabha)

 

Question

  1. Whether the Government have concluded a long term research agreement with a US research facility called Brookhaven Laboratories,
  2. If so the details thereof,
  3. Whether the agreement lays down special emphasis on developing all round safety at our nuclear plants,
  4. If so, the details thereof,
  5. Whether as per the agreement any exchange of scientists between the research institutions of the two countries will be undertaken,
  6. If so, the details thereof and
  7. The benefits to accrue to the country as a result of the agreement?

Answer

  1. Yes, Sir.
  2. These agreements are essentially for research on Fundamental Science. Brookhaven National Laboratory in USA has setup a major basic research facility called Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). This is primarily meant for fundamental research to study what happens when two heavy nuclei (for example, two gold nuclei) collide with each other at extremely high energies (in case of gold, each nucleus has about 40 TeV [Tera electron Volt] energy 0 and to find out if a new phase of nuclear matter, called "Quark-Gluon Plasma" (QGP), gets created and to look for signatures of QGP. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has been associated with this programme since 1994, under an Inter-laboratory Agreement with the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). Under another Memorandum of understanding, an Indian team co-ordinated by Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), Kolkata will, in collaboration with the Solenoidal Tracker (STAR) team, carry out experiments at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL).
  3. No, Sir.
  4. Not applicable.
  5. Yes, Sir.
  6. The mutual exchange of scientific visits takes place as and when felt useful and necessary.
  7. The participation in these International collaboration programmes enables the Indian scientists to use the frontline accelerator facilities and advanced detector systems setup at the Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Safety of Food Stuff:

 

(Q. No. 2619, Rajya Sabha)

 

Question

  1. The details of the food stuff (quantity & money wise) have saved from parishing using the Atomic Energy Department Services for the year 2000-2001,
  2. The details of the locations of these services,
  3. What are the food items exposed to radiation and
  4. What is the enhanced shelf life of these items?

Answer

  1. (1) & (2) About four hundred (400) tonnes of spices have been processed in the year 2000-2001 in the only Technology Demonstration Plant setup by the Department of Atomic Energy. These services are located at the Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology Complex, Vashi, Navi Mumbai.
  2. Onion powder, chilli powder, Chilli whole, Turmeric powder Bishop seeds, Nutmeg and Curry power, etc. have been subject to radiation.
  3. In the case of these items, irradiation is carried out for the purpose of hygienization in order to destroy any micro organisms or food-borne parasites, rather than to increase the shelf life. Shelf life of food items such as onion can be extended by six to nine months by irradiation. A plant for irradiation of onions is being setup by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC at Lasalgaon, Nashik District of Maharashtra).

Reactor for RAPP:

 

(Q. No. 3795, Rajya Sabha)

 

Question

  1. Whether Government of Rajasthan has lately requested the Central Government for approving two more reactor of 220 MW units each at RAPP(RAPP-5&6) to improve the power supply position in the Northern Region,
  2. If so, the details of the projected units, including the cost thereon and
  3. The reasons justifying the same and Government’s decision thereon?

Answer

 

(1) to (3) Administrative approval and financial sanction to setup Rajasthan Atomic Power Project-5&6 (2x220 MWe) Rawatbhata, Rajasthan has been accorded by Government of India in March 2002. The construction on these units has commenced. This is in addition to the existing four units (RAPS-1 to 4) at the same location. The estimated completion cost of RAPP-5&6 is Rs 3072 crore. The scheduled dates of commercial operations of RAPP-5&6 are August 2007 and February 2008 respectively. Setting up of these units is with a view to meet the electricity needs of the Northern Electricity Region, utilizing the available potential of Rawatbhata site in Rajasthan.